President Biden's second-term climate policies would target heavily polluting industries like steel, cement, factories, and oil refineries to curb greenhouse gas emissions 

These measures would complement previous actions taken during his first term on power plants and vehicles to achieve the goal of eliminating fossil fuel pollution by 2050 

The urgency of addressing climate change necessitates action despite potential political challenges 

Republicans are likely to oppose additional regulations, especially during economic downturns, and may frame them as detrimental to American families 

Biden's first-term climate policies include the Inflation Reduction Act, which provides funds for electric vehicles and renewable energy 

as well as EPA regulations to phase out gasoline-powered cars and coal-fired power plants 

While these measures could cut emissions by almost half over the next decade, they may not be sufficient to meet global climate goals 

To target industrial pollution in a second term, Biden's administration envisions using incentives for carbon-reducing technologies and a potential "carbon tariff" on imported goods based on their carbon emissions 

The United States and other countries are striving to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius to avoid catastrophic climate impacts 

Concerns exist about the impact of climate policies on jobs in industries like steel and cement, as well as on unionized workers in these sectors 

The Biden campaign emphasizes the need for action on climate change, citing extreme weather events as evidence, and seeks support from young voters who are increasingly concerned about this issue